These paradise-like woods began to be planted by the Carmelites Friars, who came to live here as hermitages in the first quarter of the 17th century. It has a maximum length of 20km, rising up to 549m in the Cruz Alta (High Cross). It has vegetal species of the whole world, some of them came from America, Crete, Ganges, Goa, Italy and Lebanon, apart from the worldwide-known Bussaco cedar. Also worth mentioning are Palace Hotel do Bussaco, the Fern Valley, the Cold Fountain and the Via Sacra. In September 1810, during the 3rd French Invasion, Buçaco Battle took place on the eastern slope of the mountain.
The Sacred Hood of the Barefooted Carmelites is a contemplation place since 1630. Majestic and rare, the Cedars of Buçaco (Cupressus Lusitânica), the Eucalyptus of Tasmania, the Sequoias, the Araucarias, the Firs and the Pine Trees of the Himalayas grow in an atmosphere of an almost religious silence.